We all stand together today as we deal with the rapid spread and the fallout of COVID-19. With the number of 218,000+ cases worldwide, the COVID-19 has been declared as a pandemic by the World Health Organisation (WHO). The whole world is under a state of panic and fear. The unfamiliarity of the disease has led to anxiety and fear among people. Although the symptoms of the virus are similar as that of the flu, coronavirus infection is nowhere close to what the flu is like.

What exactly is Covid-19?

Covid-19 is sweeping the world but the first question that comes in everybody’s mind is, What exactly Covid-19 is?

Covid-19 is an infectious disease caused by the recently discovered Coronavirus. The virus and disease were completely unknown before the outbreak began in Wuhan, China in December 2019. In simple words, Coronavirus is a family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the mild to the severe common cold or some other severe health issues like Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV).

Symptoms of Covid-19 Coronavirus:

Coronavirus is a zoonotic virus, which means it can be spread or transmitted among animals and people. Common signs of this infection include:

  • Respiratory Difficulties
  • Cough
  • Fever
  • Runny Nose
  • Sore Throat

In the worst-case scenario, it can cause severe acute respiratory syndrome, pneumonia, kidney failure or even death. As per the daily news, the death rate from its adverse effects is 3-4%. The overall numbers are enough to put the world in a state of a worldwide medical emergency. It is suggested by the doctors that if any person feels sick with the above-given symptoms, then, in that case, he/she shall consult a doctor and go for the screentest. These symptoms should not be avoided as a carrier of coronavirus puts others at risk to one life but it can be transmitted to others by any means. 

What Should Be Done & What Should Not Be Done:

There is a very basic list of all the Do’s and Don’ts to prevent coronavirus. COVID-19 is like any other common respiratory disease. Here are some basic precautionary measures that can help you stay away from the infection.


  • Wash your hands with soap and water properly
  • Stay indoors and avoid contact with people who have recently visited infected areas
  • Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue before sneezing or coughing
  • Use alcohol-based sanitizers
  • Do not touch your eyes, nose, and ears too frequently when you are in a public place
  • Clean frequently touched surfaces with disinfectants 
  • Keep a safe distance with people
  • Avoid unnecessary gatherings
  • Make responsible use of the resources


  • Greeting people with handshakes, hugs or kisses
  • Spitting in public places.
  • Taking medicines without consulting doctors.
  • Disposing napkins and tissues in open areas.
  • Touching surfaces usually used by the wide public (railing, doors, gates, etc).
  • Delay travel to countries that have many patients with Coronavirus disease at the moment.
  • Avoid travel if you have flu-like symptoms.

Coronavirus Stages:

There are 4 stages of dangerous Coronavirus:

  • Stage 1- Imported Cases: It includes people who have recently travelled to foreign countries and the places that have confirmed cases of the virus and have come back to India.
  • Stage 2- Local Transmission: Stage 2 includes the cases who have come in contact with those people who have a recent travel history in the virus affected areas. 

India is currently in stage 2 and is experiencing local transmission of coronavirus, according to the biomedical research body Indian Council of Medical Research. There have been no signs of community transmission (stage 3) yet.

  • Stage 3- Community Transmission: Stage 3 is community transmission which is an extremely dangerous situation to tackle. This is the stage that we need to avoid as there would be no way that the virus can be traced back to a certain person.
  • Stage 4- Epidemic: This is the last stage which the world saw China grapple with.

 Coronavirus Worldwide Adverse Effects:

Coronavirus outbreak has already killed thousands of people and has spread to every continent except Antarctica. More than 218,000 cases have already been confirmed and out of which close to 9000 deaths have been reported. 

Initially, the outbreak was started in Wuhan, China and despite the strong measures it has now spread worldwide and every nation is hit badly. Every major or minor sports event has been either cancelled or postponed to avoid a large number of public gatherings. There are even clouds over the 2020 Tokyo Olympics as Japan has reported multiple coronavirus cases. India has also been one of the hard-hit nations when it comes to the number of increasing coronavirus cases. Although, India is taking all the proactive measures for border control to restrict the spread of Coronavirus infection in the country.

Outside Asia, Italy is the most affected country with a leading number of cases in infected patients and casualties.

 Impact on Global Economy:

Global manufacturing has been affected since the start of the outbreak in China. Manufacturers struggled for raw materials, parts, and finished products at the start of 2020 as most supply chains are based in or from China. However, the situation has now changed as China is reporting betterment in the situation while globally the situation is worsening

Stocks markets are falling to decade lows and consumer spending is also seen decaying lately. Due to the panic-driven situation, the demand for food items and medical equipment has risen sharply, but every other industry is falling apart. Recently the stock markets around the world recorded the biggest hits as profits of most big giants are expected to suffer. Last week of February saw the worst performance for major stocks since the 2008 financial crisis.


The world is on the backfoot as the graph of the number of coronavirus affected people is rising sharply and no one has been able to find out the definitive answers for all the questions. The best one can do is to follow all the precautionary measures laid by the World Health Organisation and take the necessary steps to do your bit to help stop the pandemic from spreading further. Though the situation is pandemic, we should not panic. One can just follow all the precautionary measures and try to stay healthy and calm in such a difficult time.


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